Antimicrobial Resistance Impacts Global Health Security Dr. Benjamin Park, Senior Advisor for International Healthcare Quality, Division of Healthcare Quality Promotion, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), gives insight on the global health security threats antibiotic resistance could have. One of the focus areas being looked at are the countries that do not have the ability to respond well or survive prolonged occurrences of disease outbreaks where antibiotics are failing. Some of the details Dr. Park provides focuses on the process steps to identify issues and be ahead of the issue in the high risk countries [video].
US FDA Antibiotic Strategy Dr. Craig Lewis, Veterinary Medical Office, Center for Veterinary Medicine, U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA), explains why organizations like the US FDA needs to collect data and analysis around antibiotic resistance. The current plan aims to develop an approach to offer greater transparency, organize analysis to assess Guidance #213 adoption, and understand the rollout of the new FDA antibiotic policies, regulations, and stewardship [video].
Wastewater Treatment and Antibiotics Dr. Tim Lapara, Professor, Department of Civil, Environmental, and Geoengineering, University of Minnesota, looks at how antibiotics in the environment filter out through the ecosystem of lakes, rivers, and streams. Dr. Lapara shares current research into wastewater treatment and how antibiotics are discovered in the various stages of treatment. Take home message: Treated wastewater still contains a lot of antibiotic resistance genes [video].
Out-Patient Antibiotic Resistance Dr. Lauri Hicks, Commander, U.S. Public Health Service, Medical Epidemiologist, Respiratory Diseases Branch; Medical Director, Get smart: Know When Antibiotic Work Program; Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), shares the Get Smart Program - Know When Antibiotics Work. This marketing and communication program is to help providers and patients by: Promoting provider adherence to appropriate prescribing guidelines; Decreasing demand for antibiotics among healthy adults and parents of young children; and Increasing adherence to prescribed antibiotics. Take aways: Messages need to be tailored to specific groups and changing behavior and culture takes time [video].
Farm Foundation Result Highlights Dr. Larry Granger, Antimicrobial Resistance Program; Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, Veterinary Services; U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA), describes the USDA antimicrobial resistance strategy from conversations of round tables through the Farm Foundation Public Meetings. Dr. Granger looks at the USDA surveillance, data collection, and analysis action being taken and how it coordinates with the US FDA guidelines. Some of his take aways: There will be some impacts to minor species; veterinarians are concerned about compliance and liability; and measurement of success is a major issue [video].
Actions and Recommendations on Antibiotics Dr. Chase Crawford, Director, Antimicrobial Resistance Initiative, Association of American Veterinary Medical Colleges; Association of Public & Land-grant Universities, talks about what agriculture's role is in addressing antibiotic resistance. Key is partnering with the human health initiatives and seek to continue to protect animal health. Dr. Crawford brings a perspective from key task force members, like the Association of American Veterinary Medical Colleges (AAVMC) and the Association of Public and Land-grant Universities (APLU) [video].