Can We Define A Model Of Metrics For Antibiotics and Resistance?

The NIAA Effort: Learning from the June RoundtableLearning From The NIAA Antibiotic June Roundtable Dr. Christopher Braden, Deputy Director, National Center for Emerging and Zoonotic Infectious Diseases, CDC, presents a model of metrics to understand the judicious use of antibiotics experience in human health. Dr. Braden outlines several metrics categories: antibiotic Use with prescription data, antibiotic stewardship with facility data, and antibiotic-resiatance trends and spread with microbiologic data. Dr. Braden highlights several example metric and reporting projects, like the community antibiotic prescribing rates per 1000 population in the United States [video].

What Are The Medically Important Antimicrobials in Animal Agriculture?

Medically Important Antimicrobials in Animal AgricultureMedically Important Antimicrobials in Animal Agriculture Dr. Michael Murphy, Veterinary Medical Officer, Center for Veterinary Medicine (CVM), FDA, shares several policy and regulatory updates with respect to the Veterinary Feed Directive (VFD). Dr. Murphy leads with the changes being made and continues with listing drugs that are effected and those that are not, specifics of the VFD, and a timeline on when regulations will be implemented [video].

Is There An Antibiotic-Resistance Connection From Farm To Fork?

Drug-Resistant Foodborne Campylobacteriosis in Humans: Is There a Link to Antibiotic Use in Agricultural Animals?Drug-Resistant Foodborne Campylobacteriosis in Humans: Is There a Link to Antibiotic Use in Agricultural Animals? Dr. M.A. McCrackin, Charleston VA Medical Center Research Service and Medical University of South Carolina, brings to light a real example of antibiotic-resistance research. Her project looked antibiotic resistance and connection from farm to fork. Specially, Dr. McCrackin's team wanted to address the literature evidence for a link between antibiotics used in agricultural animals intended for food and antibiotic-resistant infections in humans. One of the key conclusions: on farm antibiotic treatments will increase the colonization of animals with antibiotic-resistant Campylobacter, and antibiotic-resistant Campylobacter can be transmitted to humans in raw animal products. But current literature is inadequately detailed to establish a causal relationship between antibiotic use in agricultural animals & antibiotic-resistant campylobacteriosis in humans [video].

NIAA Antibiotic Symposium Welcome and Opening Comments

Welcome and Opening CommentsWelcome and Opening Comments Dr. Steve Solomon, Principle, Global Public Health Consulting; Dr. Eric Moore, Norbrook, Inc.; and Dr. Scott Vernon, Professor, Agricultural Communications, California Polytechnic State University, opens up the event and the conversations for the 2016 NIAA Symposium - Antibiotic Use - Working Together For Better Solutions [video].

Opening Comments for the 2015 NIAA Antibiotic Symposium

Welcome and Opening Comments for the 2015 NIAA Antibiotic Symposium2015 NIAA Antibiotic Symposium Opening Comments Dr. Chris Braden, Director, Division of Foodborne, Waterborne, and Environmental Diseases; National Center for Emerging and Zoonotic Infectious Diseases; Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), introduces symposium attendees and what to expect during the event [video].

Antibiotics Symposium Tone

Human Health Viewpoint and Setting the Tone for the Antibiotic SymposiumHuman Health Viewpoint On Antibiotics Dr. Robert Tauxe, Deputy Director, Division of Foodborne, Waterborne and Environmental Diseases, Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), gives a public human health perspective about antibiotics in medicine. Dr. Tauxe summarizes the current disease threat and trends in resistance [video].

Perspective: Antibiotics and Swine

Antibiotic Stewardship for SwineSwine Antibiotic Stewardship Dr. Jennifer Koeman, Director, Producer and Public Health, National Pork Board, shares the ideas behind the "Nexus of Farming, Food and Public Health" as part of the stewardship of antibiotic use in pork farming. Dr. Koeman shares the antibiotic education, research, and communication that the National Pork Board is developing to help swine pork farmers. Key closing thought from Dr. Koeman is pork producers support the science-based principles to develop guidelines on antibiotic use having professional veterinary input for antibiotic use guidance [video].

Panel: Discussion on Antibiotics

Panel Discussion on Antibiotics with General Session SpeakersGeneral Session Speakers Take On Antibiotic Questions Dr. Chris Braden, Dr. Thomas Shryock, Dr. Robert Tauxe, and Dr. Mike Apley participate in a panel discussion on antibiotics from a variety of angles. Some of the panel questions address goals of the Presidential Advisory Commission plus some of the differences in agriculture use of antibiotics [video].

Understanding Incentives for Livestock Biosecurity

Understanding Incentives for Livestock Biosecurity Investments & EffortsUnderstanding Incentives for Livestock Biosecurity Investments & Efforts Dr. Glynn Tonsor, Associate Professor, Kansas State University, highlights how the thinking of economics of biosecurity plays out in swine producer decision making. Key message: lack of knowledge is likely NOT sole reason for partial implementation of recommended biosecurity measures. Many business look at trade-offs and incentives for action [video].

Biosecurity in Feed Manufacturing

Biosecurity in Feed Manufacturing / VFD Update: A Perspective from the Feed IndustryA Perspective from the Feed Industry Mr. Gary Huddleston, Manager, Feed Manufacturing Safety & Environmental Affairs, American Feed Industry Association, helps explain the impacts of the Veterinary Feed Directive to the livestock feed businesses. Mr. Huddleston runs through the details on documentation and processes that must be put in place to be compliant with the regulations. Key message: work with all your service providers and suppliers to insure they are informed and prepared before January 1, 2017 [video].

Panel: Antimicrobial Resistance Addressed

Panel on Antimicrobial ResistanceWhat About Antimicrobial Resistance? Dr. Larry Granger, Dr. Craig Lewis, Dr. Benjamin Park, and Dr. Chase Crawford provide a panel view on antimicrobial resistance. Questions included lab sampling approaches for understanding antibacterial resistance and what other farm focused data the FDA would like to collect on antibiotic use [video].

Panel: Question and Answer on Antibiotic Stewardship

Panel Discussions on Antibiotic StewardshipAntibiotic Stewardship Dr. Chuck Hofacre, Dr. Tim Lapara, Dr. Jennifer Koeman, and Dr. David Sjeklocha participate on a panel focused on antibiotic stewardship. Some of the focus questions ask how stewardship programs are measured as "successful" and what some of the unintended consequences of directives #209 and #213 in the future might be [video].

Consumer Expectations About Antibiotics

Antibiotics and Animals Building Consumer TrustBuilding Consumer Trust for Antibiotics and Animals Ms. Christine Summers, Costco, talks about how Costco handles the conversation of antibiotics with 80 million members. Ms. Summers drive the business with high quality and safe expectations. Ms. Summers points that the Costco members are highly educated, well paid, and have a heightened awareness. What Costco does is proactively engage with their members and be part of the daily dialog about food [video].

Antibiotics and In-Patients

In-Patient Antimicrobial Resistance (AMR) IssuesIn-Patient Antimicrobial Resistance Dr. Arjun Srinivasan, Associate Director for Healthcare-Associated Infection Prevention Programs, Division of Healthcare Quality Promotion, National Center for Emerging and Zoonotic Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), talks about what is being done in hospitals to improve antibiotic use. Dr. Srinivasan outlines notable goals about the future of patient care around antibiotics. Key in hospitals is that physicians do not like to be "managed" so the shift is forward the phase "stewardship". Take aways: Many experts, including advisers to the President, have called for the government to require hospitals and nursing homes to have antibiotic stewardship programs [video].

Perspective: Antibiotics and Beef

Antibiotic Use in the Beef Industry: The Producer PerspectiveBeef Antibiotic Stewardship Dr. Tiffany Lee, Beef Cattle Institute, Kansas State University, provides information on the beef producer perspective and their view of antibiotic stewardship. Dr. Lee points out this survey is aimed at discovering more about the producer side and provide a voice to producers. Dr. Lee summarizes the results and some of the direction beef producers are taking with their use of antibiotics [video].

Perspective: Antibiotics and Poultry

Antibiotic Stewardship for PoultryPoultry Antibiotic Stewardship Dr. Chuck Hofacre, Center for Food Safety, Department of Avian Medicine, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Georgia, brings the poultry perspective on antibiotic resistance and stewardship actions being taken by farm operations. One aspect of poultry production that is key is cost. And he says several key drivers of change in poultry antibiotic use are large retailers, not the end consumer; government regulations; and export markets. Dr. Hofacre says the key person for this stewardship role is the veterinarian. This presentation also provides a summary of the US poultry industry and the top level economics of how it operates [video].

Perspective: State Level Antibiotics For Humans

Antimicrobial Stewardship - the State Health Department PerspectiveState Level Antimicrobial Stewardship Dr. Marion A. Kainer, Director, Healthcare Associated Infections and Antimicrobial Resistance Program, Tennessee Department of Health, provides a state level view of antibiotic stewardship in the State of Tennessee. One of the key actions that helped reduce healthcare associated infections was the public reporting of hospital names in published metric reports. Dr. Kainer closes with recommendations from the Council of State and Territorial Epidemiologists (CSTE), of which a key items is increased funding at the state level for monitoring antimicrobial resistance [video].

On The Ground: Antibiotics and Beef

Antibiotic Stewardship for BeefAntibiotic Stewardship for Beef Dr. David Sjeklocha, Director of Animal Health and Welfare, Cattle Empire, shares the antibiotic stewardship for beef view. Dr. Sjeklocha focuses on a boots on the ground view of the Cattle Empire feed yard system and their management of antibiotics [video].

What Is Global Health Security?

Antimicrobial Resistance in Humans and the Global Health Security AgendaAntimicrobial Resistance Impacts Global Health Security Dr. Benjamin Park, Senior Advisor for International Healthcare Quality, Division of Healthcare Quality Promotion, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), gives insight on the global health security threats antibiotic resistance could have. One of the focus areas being looked at are the countries that do not have the ability to respond well or survive prolonged occurrences of disease outbreaks where antibiotics are failing. Some of the details Dr. Park provides focuses on the process steps to identify issues and be ahead of the issue in the high risk countries [video].

Updates on FDA Approach To Antibiotics

US FDA Antibiotic StrategyUS FDA Antibiotic Strategy Dr. Craig Lewis, Veterinary Medical Office, Center for Veterinary Medicine, U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA), explains why organizations like the US FDA needs to collect data and analysis around antibiotic resistance. The current plan aims to develop an approach to offer greater transparency, organize analysis to assess Guidance #213 adoption, and understand the rollout of the new FDA antibiotic policies, regulations, and stewardship [video].

Are Antibiotics Seeping Into The Groundwater?

Stewardship and the Environment - Wastewater Treatment and AntibioticsWastewater Treatment and Antibiotics Dr. Tim Lapara, Professor, Department of Civil, Environmental, and Geoengineering, University of Minnesota, looks at how antibiotics in the environment filter out through the ecosystem of lakes, rivers, and streams. Dr. Lapara shares current research into wastewater treatment and how antibiotics are discovered in the various stages of treatment. Take home message: Treated wastewater still contains a lot of antibiotic resistance genes [video].

Do We Understand Out-Patient Antibiotic Resistance Issues?

Out-Patient Antibiotic Resistance (AMR) IssuesOut-Patient Antibiotic Resistance Dr. Lauri Hicks, Commander, U.S. Public Health Service, Medical Epidemiologist, Respiratory Diseases Branch; Medical Director, Get smart: Know When Antibiotic Work Program; Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), shares the Get Smart Program - Know When Antibiotics Work. This marketing and communication program is to help providers and patients by: Promoting provider adherence to appropriate prescribing guidelines; Decreasing demand for antibiotics among healthy adults and parents of young children; and Increasing adherence to prescribed antibiotics. Take aways: Messages need to be tailored to specific groups and changing behavior and culture takes time [video].

What Is The USDA Strategy On AMR?

USDA Antimicrobial Resistance Strategy - Farm Foundation ResultsFarm Foundation Result Highlights Dr. Larry Granger, Antimicrobial Resistance Program; Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, Veterinary Services; U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA), describes the USDA antimicrobial resistance strategy from conversations of round tables through the Farm Foundation Public Meetings. Dr. Granger looks at the USDA surveillance, data collection, and analysis action being taken and how it coordinates with the US FDA guidelines. Some of his take aways: There will be some impacts to minor species; veterinarians are concerned about compliance and liability; and measurement of success is a major issue [video].

What Do APLU and AAVMC Recommend About Antibiotics?

Actions and Recommendations on Antibiotics from the Universities (APLU) and Colleges of Veterinary Medicine (AAVMC)Actions and Recommendations on Antibiotics Dr. Chase Crawford, Director, Antimicrobial Resistance Initiative, Association of American Veterinary Medical Colleges; Association of Public & Land-grant Universities, talks about what agriculture's role is in addressing antibiotic resistance. Key is partnering with the human health initiatives and seek to continue to protect animal health. Dr. Crawford brings a perspective from key task force members, like the Association of American Veterinary Medical Colleges (AAVMC) and the Association of Public and Land-grant Universities (APLU) [video].

CDC on Antibiotics, Funding and CARB Program

CDC’s Overall Effort on Antibiotics, FY 2015 Requested Funding and CARB ProgramCDC’s Overall Effort on Antibiotics, FY 2015 Requested Funding and CARB Program Dr. Beth Bell, Director of the National Center for Emerging and Zoonotic Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), talks about the overall efforts and work of the CDCs work on antibiotic resistance. Dr.Bell shares the federal government level view of combating antibiotic resistant bacteria. She leads in with an overview of the disease burden, risks to US citizens, and the economic impacts. Dr. Bell points out how communication plays a part in helping the efforts of awareness and action [video].

Panel: Consumers Expectations On Antibiotics

Panel Discussion with Consumer Speakers About AntibioticsConsumer Speakers About Antibiotics Note: This panel discussion video not published at panel's request.

Impacts Of Euthanasia On Caretakers

Importance of Timely Euthanasia and the Impacts on CaretakersEuthanasia: Impacts on Caretakers Dr. Jan Shearer, Professor and Dairy Extension Veterinary Specialist at Iowa State University, provides a very personal and emotional view on the impacts of animal euthanasia and what veterinarians today need to better understand. Dr. Shearer shares his own experiences and state of mind when he dealt with mass animal depopulation or worked with farmers during animal disease outbreaks.

Dr. Shearer believes veterinarians today must know about this unpleasant activity (euthanasia) and learn what to expect in terms of human emotional responses, both by vets and by the farmers and ranchers.

Animal Disease Traceability in the Pork Industry

An Industry Driven Solution to Implement Animal Disease Traceability in the Pork IndustryAn Industry Driven Solution to Implement ADT Dr. Patrick Webb, Director of Swine Health Programs at National Pork Board, provides insight in to how the Swine ID Plan works with the Animal Disease Traceability (ADT) rule. One of the key drivers is the value of pork exports and the need to have a robust swine ID system so as not to lose on exports. Dr. Webb shares a case study of a swine ID program and what they discovered about processes in place to help make decisions when a foreign animal disease occurs.

Dealing With Animal Emergencies

The Texas A&M Veterinary Emergency Team - Beyond Academics With Integrated All-Hazards ResponseBeyond Academics With Integrated All-Hazards Response Dr. Deb Zoran, DVM, PhD; Dr. Matt Cochran, DVM, PhD; Dr. Wesley Bissett, DVM, PhD - Texas A&M College of Veterinary Medicine and Biosciences, summarize emergency response activities and what steps people take in such a situations. Dr. Cochran details several incidents in which the team participated in handling emergency responses and highlights lessons learned.

ADT: How Does The USDA See It?

USDA Update on Implementation of Animal Disease TraceabilityImplementation of Animal Disease Traceability Mr. Neil Hammerschmidt, Program Manager, Animal Disease Traceability, USDA APHIS VS; Dr. Jack Shere, Associate Deputy Administrator, APHIS Veterinary Services, share the USDA update on the implementations of the Animal Disease Traceability (ADT) rule.

Where Are We With Antibiotics In Agriculture?

2014 Antibiotic Symposium Review & Survey EvaluationReview & Survey Evaluation Dr. Brian Lubbers, with support from Dr. Eric Moore, summarizes the NIAA antibiotic symposiums to date and details the outcomes of the past symposiums as it relates to moving forward with actions. Dr. Lubbers focuses on the post symposium survey results on previous attendees and outlines takeaways. Dr. Lubbers, based on survey take aways, says that the NIAA focus needs to make a connection with the regulatory groups, create antimicrobial 101 sessions, and to increase the marketing of the antimicrobial sessions so that other people in & outside of agriculture attend.

Antimicrobial FDA Perspective

FDA Perspective on Gathering Antimicrobial Use Data in AnimalsGathering Antimicrobial Use Data in Animals Dr. Craig A. Lewis, Center for Veterinary Medicine, U.S. Food and Drug Administration, talks about whys of data collections in antibiotic use and provides details on the USDA strategy moving forward on antimicrobial use within agriculture. Dr. Lewis shares background on some of the initiatives for agriculture antimicrobial use and what some of the data collection issues are. Dr. Lewis also highlights the connections of agriculture, food, and the regulatory groups that are involved, like the FDA and USDA.

Combatting Antibiotic Resistant Bacteria (CARB)

Combatting Antibiotic Resistant Bacteria (CARB) - The Need for Data - The USDA PerspectiveThe Need for Data Dr. Larry Granger, DVM, Senior Leader, U.S. Department of Agriculture's Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, Veterinary Services, outlines the USDA interest in the President's Council of Advisors on Science and Technology (PCAST) report. The USDA brought together many stakeholders to have the conversations around antimicrobial resistance and what options there are for the future of agriculture. Questions aiming to be addressed: How does the reduction of antimicrobials impact the production of food and how does the actions of Antimicrobial reduction affect national security?

Antimicrobial Resistance

Antimicrobial Resistance – You Cant Manage What You Cant MeasureYou Can't Manage What You Can't Measure Dr. Calvin Booker, Managing Partner at Feedlot Health Management Services, Ltd., shares perspectives on antibiotics, antimicrobials, and resistance by practicing veterinarians. One of Dr. Booker's takeaway is the importance of understanding the impact of feedlot antimicrobial use and resistance so that developing a sustainable plan for using antimicrobials in feedlot production can be accomplished.

How Do We Answer Questions About PEDv?

Modeling Emerging Disease in the US Swine HerdMath Models Help Understand PEDv Dr. Shweta Bansal, Assistant Professor, Department of Biology at Georgetown University, provides an assessment of how mathematical modeling is used in understanding emerging swine diseases. Dr. Bansal digs into the data and assumptions used to produce a model to help answer questions about PEDv. Specifically, Dr. Bansal's team analyzed the role of movement in PEDv spread and provide an estimation of likely PEDv sources. Dr. Bansal closes with how these mathematical models can be used to highlight hot spot issues and allow organizations to better focus resources to solve disease spread issues.

Improving Swine Disease Surveillance

Swine Health Programs UpdateSwine Health Programs Update Dr. Troy Bigelow, DVM, USDA, APHIS, VS, points out activities within the comprehensive integrated surveillance (CIS) activities, as it relates to swine diseases. Dr. Bigelow outlines research being conducted and data points being monitored. Dr. Bigelow closes with a review of the Swine Health Business Plan and how the program activities will be moving forward with partners like the National Pork Board.

Swine Truck Washing Requires Stronger Process

Swine Truck Wash Study and PEDvHeat and Behavior Change Required Dr. Butch Baker, Iowa State University College of Veterinary Medicine, shares the results of research on trucks used to haul pigs and how their cleaning protocols impact the spread of porcine epidemic diarrhea virus (PEDv). Dr. Baker's key messages: Trucks need to be cleaned well and the people involved must be more rigorous. Also, truck washing facilities need to be prepared to support stricter protocols: the payoff is a reduction of herd infections.

What Is The Sustainable Pork Framework?

The Sustainable Pork FrameworkPork Commitment To Future Mr. Allan Stokes, Director of Environmental Programs, National Pork Board, runs through the issues of food for large numbers of people in 2050 and then focuses on the activity pork producers are taking. Mr. Stokes highlights the environmental value points that the National Pork Board is working to address in their "We Care" initiatives. Mr. Stokes also details the four pillars of environmental sustainability, which consist of the footprints for carbon, land, water, and air. Mr. Stokes closes with the outline for the "Sustainable Pork Framework".

Grab Your Whiskey - The Fight for Water in the 21st Century

Grab Your Whiskey - The Fight for Water in the 21st CenturyWater: Not Going To Be Any Ms. Aubrey Bettencourt, Executive Director with California Water Alliance, passionately shares her views on the trends in the politicization of water in California and the rest of the US. Ms. Bettencourt says we [in agriculture] need to tell consumers and the public at large what we want them to know [about the water crisis]. "We have to speak to it with confidence and show that we know what we are doing".

People In Ag: Proactively Engage With Media

How Ongoing Negative Media Coverage Is Impacting Animal Agriculture and What We Can Do About ItNegative Media Needs Your Attention Ms. Janet Riley, Senior Vice President of Public Affairs and Member Services at North American Meat Institute, provides thoughts on media coverage and conversations and how reporting can be skewed against agriculture. Ms. Riley offers several approaches to helping address the story gap: be active in the conversations through proactive engagement; don’t just tell – show through the use of visuals, videos, like glass walls; and communicate directly using multiple vehicles from Twitter to the Jon Stewart show.

Water and Science, What Data Shows

21st Century Water Security and Implications for Animal AgricultureCalifornia Is Loosing Freshwater Dr. Jay Famiglietti, Associate Professor at University of California, Irvine and Senior Water Scientist at the NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory, shares data and analysis of the issues of water, with a focus on the current water problems in California. Key message: groundwater storage over the last 40 years has been seriously declining, with future projections looking bad for those needing water. Dr. Famiglietti's message to workers in agriculture "Take ownership [of water conversations], clearly articulate the issues, and become industry leaders and stewards".

Indiana In Agriculture

Introduction & Welcome to the 2015 NIAA Conference on Water and AgFuture Of Ag Needs Collaboration Mr. Ted McKinney, Director of Indiana Department of Agriculture, welcomes attendees to the NIAA Annual Conference titled 'Water and the Future of Animal Agriculture'. Mr. McKinney shares the back story of how Indianapolis built itself into the city it is today with a sports, life sciences, and agriculture focus. Mr. McKinney closes with thoughts on how collaboration with consumers, food companies, and even activist group, will be key to solving issues in agriculture.

Antibiotic Resistance is Global

International Activities in Antimicrobial ResistanceBuilding Global Solutions Dr. Tom Chiller, US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, opens his presentation with a quote from Dr. Tom Friedan, CDC Director, that brings focus to antimicrobial resistance: “We are all connected by the food we eat, the water we drink, and the air we breathe.” Dr. Chiller emphasizes that antimicrobial resistance is a global problem and needs global solutions. These solutions need continual communication, consistent monitoring and reporting, and response teams to take action.

Thoughts on Antibiotics In Other Animals

Companion Animal Antimicrobial StewardshipCompanion Animals Use Antibiotics Too Dr. Jeff Bender, Chair for the AVMA Task Force for Antimicrobial Stewardship in companion Animal Practice, provides an overview of antimicrobial resistance in companion animals and what kinds of stewardship approaches are being implemented. Dr. Bender suggests that clinicians need to be aware and encourage good antimicrobial stewardship practices.

What Is The FDA Antibiotics Strategy?

Dr. William Flynn - FDA Antibiotics StrategyStrategy Involves Collaboration Dr. William Flynn, Deputy Director for Science Policy, Food and Drug Administration Center for Veterinary Medicine, provides an update on the US FDA's strategy on the use of important antibiotics in food producing animals and its effect on FDA Guidance #213. Dr. Flynn mentions that all uses of antibiotics are contributing to resistance issues and that any conversation and solution set must take this wide use into consideration. Collaborative approaches are going be much more effective if everyone is at the table and working in the same direction.

Data Key To Understanding Antibiotic Resistance

Gathering Antimicrobial Use Data in AnimalsData Analysis Dr. William Flynn, Deputy Director for Science Policy, Food and Drug Administration Center for Veterinary Medicine, highlights the issues of data collection on antimicrobial resistance and drug stewardship programs. Dr. Flynn shares how the National Institute of Biological and Mathematical Synthesis (NIMBioS) is helping model and analyze approaches to antimicrobial use and resistance. Dr. Flynn says collecting additional information to link shifts in on-farm antimicrobial use practices with antimicrobial resistance data is a high priority.

Antibiotics, Regulations, and What Consumers Want

FDA Overview of Antibiotic Regulatory Activities (Guidance 213, VFD, antibiotic use data collection)It's Complicated? Craig A. Lewis, DVM MPH DACVPM, U.S. Food and Drug Administration, presents background information on the US FDA's antibiotic regulatory activities for human and animal health. Dr. Lewis says antibiotics resistance is a complex topic. There are many gaps in understanding the science of resistance and the future requires a collaborative approach to create and develop solutions. "There are problems to be solved and tensions to be managed", says Dr. Lewis as he outlined rules, regulations, and discussions around antibiotics.

Tagged And Tracked?

USDA Update on Implementation of ADTADT, Are We There Yet? Dr. Neil Hammerschmidt, USDA, presents information on animal disease traceability (ADT), its status, and what still needs to be worked on. Dr. Hammerschmidt shares that ADT is not a full traceability system. The rest of his presentation details the ADT system, what it does, and who is involved.

Animals Produce More Smog Than Vehicles?

Cows Rival Cars As Smog Producers? You May Be Surprised.Smog vs. Cattle Industry Dr. Mitloehner outlines the science of air quality and what it means for agriculture. He spends much of his time talking about air quality issues, environmental connections, and what is underneath the statements used in media about smog and animal agriculture.

What You Say, What They Hear?

USFRA Antibiotics Messaging and Antibiotics Working GroupWhat Is The Right Antibiotics Message? Linda Eatherton, Partner/Director, Global, Food & Nutrition Practice, Ketchum, presents how the U.S. Farmers & Ranchers Alliance (USFRA) has developed their antibiotics messaging and antibiotics working group. Ms. Eatherton shares several videos highlighting what consumers see to day from other companies and organizations. Ms. Eatherton's take away: Continuous myth busting is required, USFRA expert panels will continue to provide "Ah-ha" moments, and the conversations must focus on the food consumers.

What Can The EU Tell Us?

Illinois Farm Bureau Animal Welfare Study Tour to the EULearning What Works in Animal Welfare Deb Moore, Illinois Farmer, as part of the Illinois Farm Families, took part in the 2013 European Union Animal Care Study Tour to learn more about how the EU handles the concerns of consumers. The tour looked at agriculture in six countries across beef, dairy, pork, and poultry. Ms. Moore and her tour group looked at the applications of animal welfare on EU farm operations. Ms. Moore offers a good ground level perspective on the application of animal welfare in EU agriculture that USA farmers and ranchers can take in for consideration.

Guess Who's Coming To Dinner?

Science-Based Metrics for Sustainable Outcomes in AgricultureReady For 3 Billion? Marty Matlock, PhD, Executive Director, The Office for Sustainability and Sustainability Academic Programs, University of Arkansas, says he is preaching to the choir, he also states that the choir needs practice because the choir is out of tune and must have a cohesive language to talk about sustainable agriculture. With 3 billion people coming to dinner in the next 40 years, there has to be a conversation about how the people on Earth will continue.

PEDv, Staying Prepared For The Next One

PEDV - Lessons Learned in Preparation for the Next Event What Can We Learn? Paul Sundberg, DVM, PhD, Vice President, National Pork Board, suggests that there have been lessons learned but there are most likely more to learn. Porcine epidemic diarrhea virus in the US continues to be the focus of the pork industry and there are still operations getting infected. Dr. Sundberg shares key points: sharing data and analysis is key; producers are accepting that data sharing is part of the solution; and you can't be comfortable or complacent.

GMO Products and Food Security + Trade

Impacts of GMO Products on Food Security and TradeGlobal GMOs Or Else Marty D. Matlock, Office for Sustainability, Center for Agricultural and Rural Sustainability, University of Arkansas, talks about the impacts of genetically modified organism (GMO) products on food security and trade. People want to trust their food is secure (safe to eat, healthy, and available at a reasonable cost). Dr. Matlock suggests in the next 40 to 60 years the ability to feed the 3 billion coming to dinner will need. biotechnology and genetics to insure those new people have food to eat and keep the the world stable.

Pain and Animal Agriculture

Pain: Abolishing a Necessary EvilPain: Abolishing a Necessary Evil Donald C. Lay Jr., PhD, Research Leader, Livestock Behavior Research Unit, USDA, talks about the notion of pain in animals and how research is being done to reduce or eliminate animal pain. New regulations, policies, and consumer demands are driving food animal producers to develop new approaches to raising livestock.

PEDv, Where Are We Going?

Update on PEDV ResearchState of PEDv Lisa Becton, DVM MS DACVPM, Director, National Pork Board, reviews the current state of the PEDv research that has been funded. Dr. Becton provides an historical review and then outlines the focus on the research going forward. Key outcomes include communication tools development and use to insure all parts of the swine ecosystem have information to reduce the risks of PEDv.

What Is Swine Monitoring & Surveillance?

Veterinary Services Current Swine Activities and UpdatesVeterinary Services' Current Swine Activities and Updates Troy Bigelow, DVM, USDA, APHIS, VS, NCAHP, outlines the major swine health surveillance initiatives that are in play. Diseases, like pseudorabies and swine brucellosis, are monitored on a regular basis. Tool have been developed to identify hotspots, risks are assessed, and communications integration with other organizations is setup. Improvements have been identified and resources (dollars and people) are continuously being worked on.

Crisis Preparedness and Management

Crisis Preparedness and ManagementBeing Prepared For Anything Ms. Cindy Cunningham, Assistant Vice President of Communications, National Pork Board, helps explain plans in place to allow the pork industry to function if there is a foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) outbreak. Ms. Cunningham also highlights the research on vaccinations in progress and what role communication plays in the event of a crisis.

FMD Vaccination: Preparedness, Availability, and Limitations

FMD Vaccination: Preparedness, Availability, and LimitationsIf Not Vaccination, Then What? James Roth, DVM, Director, Center for Food Security and Public Health and Executive Director, Institute for International Cooperation in Animal Biologics, Iowa State University, talks specifically about foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) vaccinations: its availability, effectiveness, and limitations. Dr. Roth uses the lessons learned from porcine epidemic diarrhea virus (PEDV) to highlight approaches to handling animal diseases: what works and what needs adjusting.

Risk Perception, Disease Reporting, and Cooperation With Emergency Response

Risk Perception, Disease Reporting, and Cooperation With Emergency ResponseRisk, Perception, & Its Research Amy Delgado, DVM, Veterinary Epidemiologist, Center for Epidemiology and Animal Health, USDA, APHIS, VS, STAS, talks about the state of the art in understanding risk perception. Dr. Delgado also presents information about producer cooperation / risk perception and touches on research (with case studies) that is being done.

Relevance of Risk Analysis/Assessment to International Trade and the Precautionary Principle

 Risk Analysis/Assessment to International TradeGlobal Trade & Risk Thomas Kasari, DVM, Analytical Epidemiologist/Risk Assessment, Center for Epidemiology and Animal Health, USDA, APHIS, VS, STAS, is involved in the global channels that look at animal health risk analysis and assessments. Dr. Kasari talks about the methodologies used and how they are developed.

How Might Viruses Get Into The USA?

Pathways Analysis ProjectVirus Path To Farm Lisa Ferguson, DVM, National Director, Policy Permitting and Regulatory Services, APHIS, VS, National Import Export Services, shares an update on the Pathways Analysis Project, which is looking for potential pathways for exotic viral pathogens to come into the USA. The goal is to estimate the likelihood that each identified pathway may introduce exotic viral pathogens of swine into the USA.

What Do Consumers Think About Their Food?

Consumer & Food: Perceptions, Realities and Steps Towards Instilling ConfidenceDo Consumers Feel Confident About Their Food? Mrs. Leann Saunders, President of Where Food Comes From, Inc., states that consumers rely on media for a vast majority of their information and have constant confusion over what is right, healthy, cost effective, safe, or green. Mrs. Saunders offers that verified and branded information can help consumers understand and trust the traceability and source verification behind a food product.

Ag, Policy Development, and Public Health

Evidence-Based Policy Development in Public HealthEvidence-Based Policy Development Dr. Paul Halverson, Founding Dean and Professor, Indiana University Richard M. Fairbanks School of Public Health, works to explain what "public health" is and how it is important as part of understanding the agriculture issues and solutions.

Trends in Livestock-associated Staphylococcus aureus

Dr. Paul Fey - Livestock-associated Staphylococcus aureus: Recent TrendsStaphylococcus aureus Dr. Paul Fey, Professor and Medical Director of Clinical Microbiology Laboratory, University of Nebraska Medical Center, presents information on livestock-associated staphylococcus aureus (livestock-associated MRSA) and some of the trends his laboratory is experiencing. Dr. Fey shares how the story of how staphylococcus aureus is very adaptive and how it can transfer between (both ways) humans and animals.

What are Consumer Perceptions on Superbugs?

Consumer Perceptions-Superbugs In Our Food SupplyConsumers, Superbugs, and Food Ms. Susan Vaughn Grooters, Food Safety Research & Policy, Center for Science in the Public Interest (CSPI), understands the concerns consumers have about superbugs in the food supply. Ms. Vaughn Grooters brings a clear consumer perspective to the conversation, with research and publications that highlight the food safety issues and actions being taken to address them.

Antimicrobial Resistance and Consumers

Public Health Impact of Antimicrobial ResistancePublic Health Impact of Antimicrobial Resistance Dr. Steven Solomon, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, summarizes the report "Antibiotic resistance threats in the United States" published in September 2013 by the US CDC. Dr. Solomon looks that the public health impact of antimicrobial resistance and how health professionals are looking to fight back against antibiotic resistance.

Checkoff Role in Animal Disease Outbreaks

IMAGETITLEAnimal Disease Outbreaks and Checkoff Groups Dr. Patrick Webb, Director of Swine Programs – National Pork Board; and Dr. Sebastian E. Heath VetMB PhD, Branch Chief for Program Development - FEMA, provide perspective on the need to continuously be alert for issues and develop people to be ready in an animal disease emergency response situation. One of their critical roles is to meet with producers to learn of their needs and issues plus provide educational directions with respect to animal disease preparedness.

What is the Role of Animal Science?

Grand Societal Challenges and the Role of Animal ScienceGrand Societal Challenges Mr. Lowell Randel digs into the challenges facing agriculture and how animal sciences can play an important role to funding, research, and policy. Issues to tackle? Water use, understanding pathogens, and growing food in a changing climate.

Getting Comprehensive

Comprehensive Food Safety SystemWhat Are Food Safety Systems? Dr. John Ruby shares why a comprehensive food safety system is important. He highlights actions being taken by JBS as a global meat processing company and details actions the meat community needs to tackle with respect to consistently producing safe food. He says "Although we all agree there is a need for Food Safety, each segment of the industry is a slightly different 'shade' when it comes to responsibility."

Animal Agriculture and Financial Impact of Tomorrow

Ag Financial Impact of TomorrowAg's Financial Impact of Tomorrow Ms. Deborah Perkins presents a three part session to cover: 1) key drivers behind technology developments; 2) factors affecting uptake of technology; and 3) implications from a financier’s perspective. Take away: "Technologies with a positive impact on profitability will be attractive to players all along the chain."

Can Regulations Be Updated for Pseudorabies and Swine Brucellosis?

A New Approach to Pseudorabies and Swine BrucellosisA New Approach to Pseudorabies and Swine Brucellosis: A Concept Dr. Troy Bigelow overviews the paper "A New Approach to PRV and SB: A Concept" and the proposal for changing the regulations of pseudorabies and swine brucellosis. Dr. Bigelow points out that the regulations currently in place from 1970's and the effort to change them is a must so that the public are protected.

What's New With the PRRS Working Group?

PRRS Working Group UpdatePRRS Working Group Update Dr. Lisa Becton believes that PRRS is at a crossroads after 20 years of work. She talks about the future of PRRS and presents several views of PRRS' focus. Dr. Becton asks the audience if management, control and/or elimination of the virus, and how funding models will be created to support one or more of the focal points. She mentions there is continued National Pork Board support for PRRS elimination, as reaffirmed by the Swine Health Committee. To close Dr. becton highlights the 2014 plan of work.

Were These The Days?

What Role Will Animal Biotechnology Play in Feeding the World?What Role Will Animal Biotechnology Play in Feeding the World? Dr. Alison Van Eenennaam's presentation opens with a retrospective music video comparing agriculture as a process and output from the 1920's and 1930's to what is able to be produced in the 2000's. Dr. Van Eenennaam then brings out the core topic of how biotechnology has evolved throughout the last century to help create more food with less impact.