US FDA Antibiotic Strategy Dr. Craig Lewis, Veterinary Medical Office, Center for Veterinary Medicine, U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA), explains why organizations like the US FDA needs to collect data and analysis around antibiotic resistance. The current plan aims to develop an approach to offer greater transparency, organize analysis to assess Guidance #213 adoption, and understand the rollout of the new FDA antibiotic policies, regulations, and stewardship [video].
Wastewater Treatment and Antibiotics Dr. Tim Lapara, Professor, Department of Civil, Environmental, and Geoengineering, University of Minnesota, looks at how antibiotics in the environment filter out through the ecosystem of lakes, rivers, and streams. Dr. Lapara shares current research into wastewater treatment and how antibiotics are discovered in the various stages of treatment. Take home message: Treated wastewater still contains a lot of antibiotic resistance genes [video].
Out-Patient Antibiotic Resistance Dr. Lauri Hicks, Commander, U.S. Public Health Service, Medical Epidemiologist, Respiratory Diseases Branch; Medical Director, Get smart: Know When Antibiotic Work Program; Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), shares the Get Smart Program - Know When Antibiotics Work. This marketing and communication program is to help providers and patients by: Promoting provider adherence to appropriate prescribing guidelines; Decreasing demand for antibiotics among healthy adults and parents of young children; and Increasing adherence to prescribed antibiotics. Take aways: Messages need to be tailored to specific groups and changing behavior and culture takes time [video].
Farm Foundation Result Highlights Dr. Larry Granger, Antimicrobial Resistance Program; Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, Veterinary Services; U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA), describes the USDA antimicrobial resistance strategy from conversations of round tables through the Farm Foundation Public Meetings. Dr. Granger looks at the USDA surveillance, data collection, and analysis action being taken and how it coordinates with the US FDA guidelines. Some of his take aways: There will be some impacts to minor species; veterinarians are concerned about compliance and liability; and measurement of success is a major issue [video].
Actions and Recommendations on Antibiotics Dr. Chase Crawford, Director, Antimicrobial Resistance Initiative, Association of American Veterinary Medical Colleges; Association of Public & Land-grant Universities, talks about what agriculture's role is in addressing antibiotic resistance. Key is partnering with the human health initiatives and seek to continue to protect animal health. Dr. Crawford brings a perspective from key task force members, like the Association of American Veterinary Medical Colleges (AAVMC) and the Association of Public and Land-grant Universities (APLU) [video].
CDC’s Overall Effort on Antibiotics, FY 2015 Requested Funding and CARB Program Dr. Beth Bell, Director of the National Center for Emerging and Zoonotic Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), talks about the overall efforts and work of the CDCs work on antibiotic resistance. Dr.Bell shares the federal government level view of combating antibiotic resistant bacteria. She leads in with an overview of the disease burden, risks to US citizens, and the economic impacts. Dr. Bell points out how communication plays a part in helping the efforts of awareness and action [video].
Changing The Pig Living Spaces Dr. Chris Rademacher, ISU Swine Extension Veterinarian, gives a practical talk on group sow housing, based on his experiences in transitioning to group housing at Smithfield. He provides info on considerations of the physical space re-construction and how the human and pig work flow changes.
What Is The Human - Pig Relationship Dr. Tom Fangman, Boehringer Ingelheim Vetmedica, Inc., helps define and understand the human - pig relationship, how to measure it, and how the interactions has been validated. This research helps address the consumer desire to know that animals on farms have a good well-being.
Really Ready? Dr. Lisa Becton, National Pork Board, reviews US Foreign Animal Disease preparedness. Dr. Becton focuses on the big issue diseases, like Foot and Mouth Disease (FMD), Swine Vesicular Disease (SVD), and Seneca Valley Virus (because it looks like FMD). Take away: With increasing global commerce and travel, protection of the industry is more important than ever plus continue to work on “tying all the information together” for rapid decision-making and response [video].
Cost Of Mycoplasma Hyopneumoniae Dr. Mark Schwartz presents research behind the cost of mycoplasma hyopneumoniae in growing pigs, using closeout data over about thee and a half years. His presentation focuses on the value of farm operations being "mycoplasma negative". One data point shared: There was an approximately $2.50 increased cost of production on mycoplasma hyopneumoniae positive pig flows over negative pig flows in the grow-finish phase [video].